Everyone needs a skin care routine regardless of skin type, skin condition, skin need, and age. Unless you are an supernatural being straight out of the cast of Twilight you need a skincare routine to look fresh. A skincare routine should be something personal which is why it almost ends in tears when you try to copy someone else’s skincare routine just because they have clear skin. Here’s how to sort through all the noise to create a basic and effective skincare routine for every skin type.
Daily Skincare Steps
The first step in any routine is cleansing. Washing your face or skin is the most effective and essential step of any routine. A cleansing oil is used to first remove makeup and then a water-based cleanser is used to cleanse a second time. A good cleanser should be effective enough to remove all makeup and dirt but gentle enough to not strip the skin of its natural oils.
Toning is a step that is usually overlooked but can make all the difference in your skincare. Depending on the formulation, a toner can be used to exfoliate, hydrate, and to restore the skin’s pH after cleansing which can often be stripping. I prefer my toners to be hydrating as I can usually get my treatments from serums, essences and ampoules.
Treating with Serums
Serums are my favourite part of any routine. Serums are packed with active ingredients that can address a variety of skin concerns. Personally I love vitamin C or niacinamide serums for overall skin brightening. Even if you don’t have specific skin issues to target, an antioxidant serum is still needed to protect the skin from daily aggressors.
A moisturizer is a must in every routine and for every skin type. The biggest misconception is that oily skin does not need moisturizer. Everyone needs a moisturizer. Your day and night moisturizers should serve different purposes. Lightweight day moisturizer for hydration and richer formulas for night time for protection and repair.
Protection with Sunscreen
Sunscreen is the most important part of anhy routine. You could be using cleansers and moisturizers running into the thousands but they mean nothing without sunscreen. Your hyperpigmentation, melasma and acne will get progressively worse regardless of what treatment you administer to your skin. Here’s a guide on how to choose suitable sun protection for your skin type.
Masks should be used once or twice a week depending on what they do. Masks can be nourishing, exfoliating or protecting and the choice of a mask depends on skin condition and needs.
Exfoliants should be used two or three times weekly. Exfoliation occurs when a product is applied to the skin to dissolve the dead skin cells to reveal fresher skin underneath. When we exfoliate, products penetrate the skin better.