Choosing the right sunscreen is not just something that happens. A lot of consideration and care should be exercised in order to choose the right sunscreen for your skin type.
You may say it shouldn’t and I agree that it shouldn’t but we are left with no other choice. Nothing stops you from walking to the mall and grabbing the nearest tube of sunscreen
which is what you’ve been doing but that is also how you end up with lots of sunscreen you are probably never going to use more than twice.
Choosing the Right Sunscreen
To choose the right sunscreen, certain factors like skin type and skin condition ought to be considered.
Sunscreens According to Skin Type
There are 3 main skin types: normal, dry and oily.
Normal skin is balanced skin. It is also the least common and least problematic skin type. Normal skin has smooth texture, healthy glow, barely visible pores, no greasy patches and generally blemish-free.
Dry skin has a dull appearance and rough texture. This is because there is little to no sebum production. It can be flaky and sensitive. Dry skin is characterized by small pores and tightness.
Oily skin is shiny with enlarged pores. This is as a result of overactive sebaceous glands that are ready to secrete sebum at the drop of a hat.
When someone has more than one skin type, it is referred to as combination skin. Combination skin consists of a mix of different skin types. One can have oily skin at the T-zone and dry skin at the cheeks. Choosing the right sunscreen is a bit tricky for combination skin.
Just like moisturizers, toners, and other skincare products, sunscreen should be chosen based on one’s skin type. An oily skin person will need a different sunscreen from the one a dry skin person will need. This is simply because we all have different skin types which in turn translates to needing different sunscreens. Because while oily skin is looking to minimise sebum production to avoid looking greasy, dry skin is looking for a more moisturizing formula so as to curb dryness.
If you have normal skin, you can pretty much use anything but if you have combination skin, then you need a well balanced sunscreen that is moisturizing enough for the dry parts of your face but not overwhelmingly so in order to avoid clogging the oily parts.
Sunscreen According to Skin Condition
Skin conditions are usually temporary and vary from person to person.
Dehydration is a skin condition that can affect anyone. Dehydration can make normal skin appear dry and make dry skin look straight up parched. Your skin can also be oily and dehydrated at the same time. When oily skin lacks hydration, it over compensates by producing too much oil. This is when the skin feels tight but produces too much oil on the surface. Choosing the right sunscreen for oily, acneic, dry, dehydrated skin.
Ageing skin skin is skin that has gotten thinner with age which means a never-ending struggle for moisture retention. There may also be pigmentation depending on previous lifestyle habits.
Sensitive skin is skin that is easily irritated and triggered by different factors. Skin sensitivity can be permanent for some and temporary for some. Skin sensitivity can get triggered if the moisture barrier is compromised.
Acneic skin is skin that has overproduction of oil and a build up of bacteria and dead skin cells in the hair follicles. Hormonal changes, stress and diet can also affect this skin condition.
The sunscreen needs of ageing skin and sensitive skin differ greatly. While ageing skin needs a broad spectrum, moisturizing, high protection sunscreen with antioxidants for anti-ageing purposes, sensitive skin does not. Sensitive skin will benefit greatly from a simple formula that is free of fragrances, alcohol, allergens and other harsh ingredients that may trigger the skin.
Best Sunscreen for Oily and Acneic Skin
Best Sunscreen for Dry and Dehydrated Skin
Best Sunscreen for Ageing Skin